It's annoyingwhen you build a great house, click on the autoroof button, and somethinghorrible appears atop your new construction. This tutorial aims to guide youthrough creating a nicer roofline manually. First, the basic Sims 2 game onlyhas two roof types. It might seem like there are a lot more, but they are alljust variations on the same theme. If you have the Open for Business (OfB)expansion pack, you gain a few more roof types. Second, you can create a whole varietyof visually appealing rooflines with the minimum of effort, and there's not allthat much to know!
Hipped: This isthe basic type of roof which slopes inwards in all four directions to thecentre of the building.
Gabled: This roofslopes inwards at the North and South ends, but is flat on the East and West.Although there are two buttons for adding a gabled roof, the only difference isthe axis on which the flat walls are placed. This roof will create new walls onyour building!
Shed Hipped: Exactly the same as the hipped roof except that one edge is flat.This roof will also create new walls!
Shed Gabled: Again, same as the gabled roof, only it is flat on one side, soit's kind of like a big slope. This will actually create new walls on threesides of your building.
Have a look at the above images and try to imagine the second two roof types (the ‘shed’ ones)as the first ones cut in half.
Open forBusiness has given us some more roof types, although at first these appear tobe quite limited.
Cone Roof: Comesin the short or large variety. Can only be placed in square sizes such as 2x2or 4x4.
Domed Roof: Exactlywhat it sounds like. Again, can only be placed in square sizes such as 2x2 or4x4.
Octagonal Roof: Thisis similar to the cone roof except it has eight sides instead of beingcircular. As with the other OfB roofs, this must be placed in a square sizesuch as 2x2 or 4x4.
Alright, so wehave a basic L-shaped house with no roof (see picture below). Imagineit's nicely decorated and ready to live in. Your Sims don't really care ifthere's a roof or not, but they're only Sims. A good roof will look great foryou, the player, and if you don't put a roof on, the house will look reallyweird in the neighborhood view, and people won't want to download your house.
We can only adda roof in a square fashion determined by the grid. Unlike walls, the roofcannot be built on a diagonal and even if we use the boolProp snapObjectsToGridfalse code, the roof tool won’t go off the grid. Click on the roof tool andchoose the manual roof section. We'll add a hipped roof first of all. It shouldbe selected by default. We'll add the roof by dragging two sections (seepictures below). Something to bear in mind is that the two roof pieces actuallyoverlap but become merged together to form one. This will play an importantpart later on. The completed roof looks neat and is functional, but is reallysimple and can be achieved with the autoroof tool anyway.
But what if youwanted to have one end of the 'L' hipped and the other gabled? Read on!
Have a look atthe screenshot below. Here we've just laid a hipped roof together with a gabledroof. The gabled roof has extended out towards the base of the 'L' and thehipped roof overhangs under the gable. This might be acceptable for you and youmight just decide to keep it like this, but you can do something aboutit.
Let's go backand lay our first hipped roof section, like in the previous example. Now laythe gable only on the exposed area of the roof. Don't let it overlap with thehipped part at all. You should have a roof like this:
If you findthat the gable is facing the wrong way, choose the other type of gabled roof.Now, take out the hipped roof again. Drag from the base of the 'L' up andacross towards the gable section. If you find it hard to see what you're doingwith the roof in the way, just press the END key after you begin dragging andthe roof will disappear. Press HOME when you're finished and it will come back.Don't drag it all the way to the end of the gable section, or you'll get anoverhang again. The green section in the image below shows the drag area youshould be using.
What you shouldend up with is shown below.
One end of the‘L’ is a gabled end and the other a hipped end, yet the joint between them isseamless. Even though three pieces of roof have been used, they all join toform one.
When we createdthe gabled roof piece, the Sims 2 automatically made 2 special end walls. Sincewe have now added more roof pieces, one of these walls is totally inside theroof and we don’t need it any more, so let’s delete it. You can delete thesespecial end walls just like regular walls. I’ve painted it red in thescreenshot below.
These wallsdon’t actually cost anything, so if you leave them in place your lot won’t costmore.
If you try toput two gabled roof pieces perpendicular to one another, they both extend tothe edge of the house (see picture below). This might be the effect you'reafter, but if it's not, you can still get around this problem.
Start bycreating two gabled roof pieces that stop short of the base of the 'L'.Remember that if your gable is facing the wrong way, just choose the othergabled roof tool.
Now, take thehipped roof tool and drag two hipped roof pieces from the base of the'L'; one towards each gable piece. Have a look at the green area in the picturebelow to see where you're dragging the first piece, then just drag the secondpiece towards the other end of the ‘L’. Remember to press the END key whileyou’re dragging the roof if you’re having trouble seeing where to drag to, andHOME to display the roof after you’ve finished dragging.
As if by magic,your roof pieces will merge to form one neat-looking gable joint!
When you drag alarge square roof piece, you might notice that in places, the area inside theroof would be large enough to add rooms, adding an extra level to yourbuilding. It’s easy to use that space. The key thing to remember is that usingthe default roof slope angle (more on slope angles later), a roof rises onelevel for every 3 tiles. Let’s start off with another basic building shape:
At the moment,it’s just a ground level and a roof but there is plenty of room for an upperlevel inside that roof. Add some walls, staying three tiles away from the wallson the ground floor where the roof slopes:
The area closesitself off and darkens because you’ve just made a new room. Now you can addstairs to connect it to the ground floor and you can divide, furnish anddecorate this space just like you would any other. You can even add windows tothe end walls, like below!
You should beaware that those end walls are still part of the roof even if you add windowsto them, so if you decide to delete the roof, the end walls and windowsdisappear (you get the cost of the windows back) and the room is open to theoutside again.
Although it’squick and easy to use the dormers included with the game, it’s almost as quickand easy to make your own. They just consist of a roof and some walls, likeeverything else. Let’s add a manual dormer to our existing design. First, layout the walls. In my example I’ve made a 2-tile wide dormer but yours can beany width you like. Also, I’ve made mine stop 1 tile short of the walls below,but yours could extend all the way to these walls if you wanted.
Go up one level,add a roof (remember to drag it inside the other roof so that they overlapneatly) and a window.
It’s worthnothing that if your dormer wall stops 1 tile short of the walls on the groundfloor like mine does, you limit the types of windows you can use. Windows thatextend very low on the wall will look wrong because the main roof is coveringpart of the dormer’s wall.
The new rooftypes in Open for Business take a bit of getting used to but they are quiteuseful after a little practice. If you do not have this expansion, just skip tothe next section.
The octagonalroofs are the easiest to use because we can make octagonal room shapes usingthe build tools. Note that we can’t make octagons themselves (an eight-sidedshape whose sides are all of equal length) because a diagonal wall is longerthan a regular wall.
The octagonalroof pieces are designed to fit nicely onto rooms made as in the picture below.Clockwise from the top-left, these are 1, 2, 3 and 4 tile octagon roofs. To addthe roof, drag across diagonally to make a square that fits inside theoctagonal walls. The 2x2 octagonal drag area is shown in green below.
The next pictureshows what the octagonal roofs of various sizes look like.
In my opinion,the domes and cone roofs are less useful because it’s not possible to buildcircular walls so they look odd when placed on top of rectangular or octagonalrooms. One interesting use for a dome roof is directly on top of a flat roof:
Of course, theOfB roofs can easily be combined with the existing roof types. In the examplebelow, an octagonal roof is combined with a gabled roof.
If you have theNightlife expansion, you can make use of the RoofSlopeAngle [15-75] code. This can change the angle of the roof from the default 45 degrees to anew angle. Open the console (cheat box) by holding CTRL and SHIFT on thekeyboard and pressing the ‘C’ key. Type RoofSlopeAngle followed by aspace and the desired angle between 15 and 75.
There have beena few debates about whether the capital letters in the commands are necessary.I use the capital letters because at least there can be no doubt about whetherthis is responsible for my codes not working.
The roof slopeangles will change immediately on all the non-OfB roofs on the lot. Theoctagonal, conical and dome roofs are not affected by the change of slopeangle. Note that this is a per-lot setting, so there is just one angle for allthe roofs on the current lot.
Through a glitchin the undo tool, it is possible to create two pieces of roof with differentslope angles on the same lot, but this does not persist when the lot issaved and re-entered so it isn’t useful and the process isn’t described here.
Sometimes youmight appear to have encountered a problem when the roof seems to be inside aroom. This is no real problem. All you need to do is add a roof on top of theroom you’re having problems with and the roof inside the room will vanish.
A roof canreally make or break a lot. Anyone can press the autoroof button but it takes alittle more effort to plan out the steps you’ll need to create a great roof.It’s definitely well worth the effort when you get the right look though.